In September we asked the readers of The F-Word to send us their lists of recommended feminist books: what are their favourite feminist must reads? Here’s the results. The most recommended book? Germaine Greer’s The Whole Woman. From Anna Norstedt This is off the top of my head; I haven’t been reading as much as I would like to: “Stone Butch Blues” by Leslie Feinberg “Cunt” by Inga Muscio “To be Real” by Rebecca Walker (ed) “Tales of the Lavender Menace” by Karla Jay “S/He” by Minnie Bruce Pratt “Lesbian Ethics” by Sarah Lucia Hoagland “Herland” by Charlotte Perkins Gilman Both Inga Muscio and Rebecca Walker have spoken at my college, so that’s why I’m partial to these two books. “Cunt” is just all-over a good book, and touches on a lot of issues, and “To Be Real” is a compilation of essays, so it has various perspectives. The rest focus on glbt issues. “Lesbian Ethics” is a bit scary if you’ve never been aware of separatism, but it makes some good points. “Herland” is a book I had to read for my Utopia class, and it shows a potential feminist utopia. From Charlotte Augst My all time feminist favourites: The Colour Purple Oranges Are Not The Only Fruit The golden Notebook The Poisonwood Bible The Lovely Bones Rubyfruit Jungle Sorry that they are all fiction books, but they just stay with you for longer, I think. From AuroraLuckystar Hello! I will love to see the results of your reader’s top feminist books! Here are the ones I could think of on the spot… Manifesta – a new perspective on feminism. Reviving Ophelia – Psychologist’s studies of several young girls and what adolescent girls today must face. An important read for parents! (of sons and daughters!- about young girls, but raising feminist friendly sons is equally important!) We Gotta Get Out Of This Place – A story about the history of rock and roll. But doesn’t include Beatles or Elvis, rather all of the women who have shaped the music of the past century! Awesome! You Can’t Keep A Good Woman Down, Alice Walker – She is just an incredible story teller. It is a collection of short stories told from the perspective of different black women, mostly during the Civil Rights Movement. Alice Walker doesn’t just write stories, she transports her readers into her characters worlds! From Carol Kubicki Dear F word, Not being a teenager, I always keep Germaine Greer’s The Whole Woman by my bedside. From Jean Betts Hi F-word – books The Second Sex – Simone de Beavoir A Room of One’s Own – Virginia Woolf Brecht & Co – John Fuegi Ophelia Thinks Harder – Wm Shakespeare and Jean Betts An English Miss – Alicia C Percival Not a bad start, I reckon. From JoJo Kirtley This is my top ten list of so-called ‘feminist’ literature (not in order). These women have influenced, changed and inspired me. Most importantly though these writers have given me (and hopefully loads of other women) the strength, courage and wisdom to continue my quest for female equality. The Vagina Monologues – Eve Ensler. The most important book, an absolute masterpiece in every way. Ensler writes “In order for the human race to continue, women must be safe and empowered. It’s an obvious idea, but like a vagina, it needs great attention and love in order to be revealed.” (Ensler, 1998). Amazing…Truly Amazing… The Yellow Wallpaper – Charlotte Perkins Gilman. An important piece of feminist literature very simply written but showing how women were completely powerless in the Victorian times. Bridget Jones’s Diary/The Edge of reason – Helen Fielding. Aimed at such a diverse readership this book is uniquely written and so accessible to all types of women, even my grandma loves it! Sex and the city – Candace Bushnell. Changed the outlook of female sexuality, proved that sex is important to us women too and you can’t deny that there’s a bit of Carrie, Samantha, Miranda and Charlotte in all of us. I know why the caged bird sings – Maya Angelou (and any poetry she writes). This woman wrote the beautiful poem, Still I rise where she wrote the line, “Because I dance like I’ve got diamonds at the meeting of my thighs.” Wow! Her autobiographical novel is just as intense and wonderful. Masterpieces – Sarah Daniels. Daniels eats up the taboo issue of pornography and spits it out in a feminist rage. Ourselves Alone – Anne Devlin. Irish women deserve a voice too and Devlin gives them a unique one. The Feminine Mystique – Betty Friedan. A complete classic..enough said. Beloved – Toni Morrison. This woman is a genius, in this novel she writes about the plight of black women and shows the marginalisation of them in American society. Big Women – Fay Weldon. Middle class feminism at it’s best. Weekend her short story is also brilliant and extremely funny. In case I have angered a few people I have to mention five more amazing books: E.Annie Proulx’s almost perfect novel, “The Shipping News” (not entirely feminist but worth reading). Sylvia Plath’s “The Bell Jar” The Vindication of the Rights of women, by Mary Wollstoncraft (a turning point in feminism) Sexual Politics – Kate Millett A room of one’s own – Virginia Woolf My list is unique to me and I think it is important to include a diverse range of women’s literature, even if this means that I have left out classic feminist texts! If you haven’t read any of these books then I recommend them all, become a vagina queen and indulge. From Sniff I’d like to recommend “Refusing to be a man” and “The end of manhood: parables on sex and selfhood” by the American radical feminist John Stoltenberg. Reading these books has changed my life. Stoltenberg articulates the model of masculinity as no one else ever has. At last, all those frustrating things about manhood that you knew were forms of terrorism but couldn’t articulate why are brought together and the pieces of the jigsaw really fit. Pornography, prostitution, being crap at relationships, the myth about male labido etc etc – are all now ONE coherent issue, one blueprint that explains every question I have ever grappled with and exposes the fact that it is MASCULINITY that feminists must address – not just female oppression over and over again. Every thinking person should read his work. From Holly Combe These are in no particular order and the list is by no means exhaustive. There’s loads of important first wave stuff missing and nothing that mainly focuses on ethnicity, employment or war (for example). My main area of interest right now is sex, so much of what I’ve listed deals with issues around this subject. Basically, these are just a few of the books that initially inspired me so the list definitely won’t please everyone! Bad Girls and Dirty Pictures – Alison Assiter and Avedon Carol It was around 1997 when I first read this collection of essays by Feminists Against Censorship. This was the first time I had seen a detailed exposure of the patronising sexism lurking beneath anti-pornography dogma. Three years later, I joined the group (something I should have done much sooner). Anti-censorship feminism is often very misunderstood and mislabelled and I would recommend this book to anyone, whatever their stance. A Return to Modesty – Wendy Shalit Great style, brilliantly written – shame about the politics. The writer basically gives the impression that we can either return to modesty and cosy sexism or expect a barrage of misogyny and rape. Are men really so unable to respect genuine female autonomy? Must ‘respect’ have a smug price attached to it? Shalit seems to suggest that, if a woman wants to have any sense of control over her body, her only sensible option is to put her sexuality on hold. She implies that accepting our inevitable ‘feminine’ passivity and saying no to sex until we find someone ‘special’ is the best deal we can hope for if we want to avoid the wrath of hard-done-by men. Though some of the overall contrived sweetness and humour does occasionally grate, this book is often genuinely witty, forceful and charming. It didn’t change my views on sex, but it’s a book I won’t forget. Women, Celibacy and Passion – Sally Cline Again, this is essential reading but with a few disappointments along the way. Cline is right in her assertion that ‘fifty years ago it took courage for a woman to admit she was enjoying an active sex life’ and that ‘today it takes courage to admit that she is not’. I would agree that society places far too much pressure on women to sexually perform or find a partner. I was, however, disheartened with the ‘Perpetual Virgins’ chapter of the book, as I would like to see a denouncement of the very notion of virginity itself and the idea that anyone who has not had conventional penis-in-vagina sex is a virgin. Virginity is a socially constructed commodity, which is designed to be given away or taken. The ‘virgin’ is at a disadvantage, liable to being patronised and incapable of being equal to a sexual partner, unless, they too, are a ‘virgin’. It doesn’t matter whether the state is, as Cline discusses in ‘Celibacy and Passion’, ‘transitional’ (unwanted) or ‘perpetual’ (part of a deliberately celibate person’s sexual identity). In fact, I would argue that the term probably almost always holds a transitional implication, as ‘virginity’ is commonly viewed somewhat differently from non-‘virginal’ celibacy. This is because the ‘virgin’ has never had so-called ‘real’ sexual intercourse and therefore, through the current discourse on sex, holds ‘something’ that can be potentially taken. If I remember rightly, Cline does not address these issues. It’s still a good book though… The Female Eunuch & The Whole Woman – Germaine Greer Yes, it’s an overly obvious choice and hard to sum up without saying what everyone else says, but I just couldn’t leave out Germaine Greer. ‘The Female Eunuch’ is essential second wave reading and her polemical style never dates. ‘The Whole Woman’ is the sequel that Greer said she would never write. But in a climate where so many people seemed (and, a few years later, still seem) to be saying that feminism had ‘gone far enough’, Greer understandably felt that silence would have been ‘inexcusable’. In a programme screened around the time the book was published, she summed up the common attitude as: ‘Now we can vote, feminism has achieved its aim and can fold its tent and piss off’ However ambivalent I might feel about Germaine Greer, (why does she keep associating herself with the Daily Mail? Didn’t she slag off Suzanne Moore for wearing lipstick in 1995? Did she really call Jade Goody a fat bitch in 2002?), I could never discount her influence and power. The Beauty Myth – Naomi Wolf I read this shortly after reading ‘Female Desire’ by Rosalind Coward. Both these books made me think about desire and sexuality in a way that I had never consciously confronted before. We (women) are culturally trained to focus on how others see us and this gets in the way of our own sexual development and desires. Meanwhile, young boys are culturally trained to deny their charm, prettiness and potential to be objectified or consumed by another person. This, in turn, gets in the way of not only their own sexual development but also that of the women who are orientated towards them. My particular stance is that, whilst I sometimes enjoy the mirror, I will not allow my own sexual desire to be distracted by it. Essential reading. Fire With Fire – Naomi Wolf This is a much needed antidote to the kind of ‘victim’ feminism that, for a long time now, has actually been undermining us rather than helping us to achieve our goals. This book is an optimistic and pragmatic look at how we can move forward. Having read this book, feminism is still a serious issue for me and there is still much to be done, but I always try and bear in mind that a feminist existence needn’t be a miserable and depressing one. Virtually Normal – Andrew Sullivan The writer is always objective, thorough and reasoned, even when dealing with prejudiced and bigoted arguments about homosexuality. This book is relevant reading for anyone with a commitment to sexual liberation and a zest for outwitting the opposition. The Hite Report (Updated Edition) – Shere Hite The highly personal and revealing survey responses always draw me in again whenever I take it off the shelf. But most importantly, it was one of the first books I ever came across that really challenged our society’s most common definition of ‘proper’ sex. My Secret Garden – Nancy Friday This book liberated me in terms of my attitude towards female masochists and masochist fantasists. I think there is a rather unfortunate tendency within the feminist movement to try to police each other’s sexual fantasies. This really is almost as unhelpful to the cause for women’s sexual freedom as society’s heterosexist expectations are. It’s true that I am often bored and disappointed by the same old sermons about what women are supposedly programmed to automatically want sexually. However, this does not give me the excuse to write off another person’s fantasies as invalid or assume that another woman can’t possibly be a feminist if she enjoys something which I find hard to square with my feminist politics. Of course, her not being a feminist at all wouldn’t write her off either (and to say that does not undermine my commitment to feminism!). From Catherine Redfern My list – in no particular order! The Beauty Myth – Naomi Wolf. Amazing and powerful analysis of the pressure put on women and girls to be thin and “beautiful”. The Whole Woman – Germaine Greer. Flawed but energetic and passionate book which varies from chapter to chapter. She’s not always right, but she’s still got it. Manifesta – Jennifer Baumgarnder & Amy Richards. Comprehensive introduction to the Third Wave In Our Time – Susan Brownmiller. Enthralling memoir about life during the whirlwind of the American Second Wave Listen Up – Barbara Findlen (ed). Interesting and encouraging collection of essays from a new generation of feminists. Cunt – Inga Muscio. Lively, fun, entertaining and inspiring book about “the anatomical jewel”, what it means to be a woman, and more. Bust Guide to the New Girl Order – Stoller & Karp (eds). Proving that feminism can be fun and intelligent at the same time. Backlash – Susan Faludi. Classic explanation of how feminism is denegrated time and time again just as women begin to make progress. From Jamie Lee Merrick Currently I am interested in researching cultural and anthropological differences towards women. Especially the biological myths that science and religion and to some extent mythology, have always perpetuated. I recommend to everyone, Natalie Angier’s Woman: an intimate georgraphy. The biological inaccuracies expounded by society and science that she exposes are astounding.