New review: Theodora

Stella Duffy’s first historical novel tells the story of Theodora’s rise from the stage to co-ruler of Constantinople, says Bidisha, without glossing over her restricted agency

Constantinople, the 6th century. Not, one would think, the optimum setting for a wild history about female survival, success, adventure and vindication. Well, ‘one’ would be wrong. This novel is about as far away from a ponderous Byzantine funerary procession as it’s possible to get. Instead it’s a celebratory cry of admiration, held together by the blazing charisma of its protagonist. The prolific and award-winning novelist Stella Duffy’s 12th book – and her first historical novel – brings us the entirely true story of Theodora, the woman who became Empress, politician, heroine and co-ruler of the city.

The novel’s jubilant ending, its pomp and celebration, are all the more garrulously welcomed for their distance from Theodora’s beginnings. The young Theodora and her sister were actors, acrobats, singers – and child prostitutes – sold out of poor necessity into a life of smiling performance and man-pleasing both on and off the stage. While Duffy makes much of her young heroine’s comic flair, charisma and raucous talent, she skilfully includes chilling details about the often abusive reality of life for these girls, often as young as 11. She mentions the rapes, the unwillingness, the exploitation and the lack of selfhood of children forced into using their bodies to make their living. Theodora’s world is a tough one, for which the audience’s applause does not compensate. After the stage is vacated and the laughter dies down, the actors go to rich men’s homes to placate their desires and sate their lust.

An entire book could have been set in this domain of performers, backstage brothels, baying crowd members, eunuch dance teachers and bawdy dwarves (one of whom, Sophia, becomes Theodora’s close friend). But Stella Duffy’s reach, ambition and skills are far greater than that. In Theodora she has met he equal at last, a woman so very energised and tough that she packed more into her one life than most families do across several generations. The dialogue of the book is salty and sweary, the apt historical details lightly and lovingly carried, its heart ripe with pain and valour. All the ingredients, in short, of a bestselling smash hit with a guaranteed happy ending that leaves the reader grinning all over and crackling with some of Theodora’s own fire.

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